The effect of a set of submaximal aerobic exercise and ginger on pain duration in the college girls with primary dysmenorrhea

Document Type: Original Article


Sport Physiology Dept., Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, I.R. Iran


Background and aims: Due to the anti-inflammatory properties of the ginger plant, it has attracted researchers’ attentions for treating menstrual problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a program which contains submaximal aerobic exercises and ginger on pain duration in the college girls with primary dysmenorrhea. Methods: This quasi-experimental research was performed on 40 female students with primary dysmenorrhea (moderate, severe) who lived in the dormitory of Shahid Rajaei University with average height, weight, age and body mass index of 164.47 ± 4.66 cm, 56.95 ± 6.81 kg, 21.40 ± 1.42 years and 21.07±2.41 kg/m², respectively. The samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10) including exercise, ginger, combined of both exercise and ginger, and control groups. The exercise group performed an eight-week submaximal aerobic exercise. The ginger group used capsules which contain 250 mg ginger, 4 times a day from the third day of bleeding, and both variables were applied for the combined group. The influence of ginger and exercise were evaluated on the duration of dysmenorrheal pain and the data analysis was performed by using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Results: After 8 weeks of ginger usage and sub maximal aerobic exercise, the duration of pain declined in the combined (P=0.001) and practice groups (P=0.04) compared to the control group. Conclusion: Submaximal aerobic exercise along with ginger use is effective in reducing the pain of primary dysmenorrhea.  


Main Subjects

1. Rahnama P, Fallah Hosseini H, Mohammadi KH, Modarres M, Khajavi Shojaee K, Asgari M, et al. A study of the ginger effect on girls suffering from primary dysmenorrhea. J Med Plants. 2011; 4(36): 81-6.
2. Shahrjerdi SH, Shaych Hosaini R. The effect of 8 weeks stretching exercise on primary dysmenorrhea in 15-17 aged high school student girls in Arak. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2010; 11(4): 84-91.
3. Azgoli G, Goli M, Moattar F. The comparison of ginger effect and Mefenamic acid and ibuprofen effects on treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci J. 2007; 31(1): 61-5.
4. Zhang WY, Li Wan Po A. Efficacy of minor analgesics in primary dysmenorrhoea: a systematic review. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998; 105(7): 780-9.
5. Dennehy CE. The use of herbs and dietary supplements in gynecology: An evidence-based review. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2006; 51 (6): 402-9.
6. Montazeri SH. Comparison of vitamin B6 and E effects on Symptoms of PMS in Shahid Beheshti University dormitory students [dissertation]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; 2008.
7. Brown J, Brown S. Exercise for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010(2): CD004142.
8. Daley AJ. Exercise and primary Dysmenorrhea: a comprehensive and critical review of the literature. Sports Med. 2008; 38(8): 659.
9. Paw owski B. Prevalence of menstrual pain in relation to the reproductive life history of women from the Mayan rural community. Ann Hum Biol. 2004; 31(1): 1-8.
10. Noble B, Clark D, Meldrum M, Ten Have H, Seymour J, Winslow M, et al. The measurement of pain, 1945-2000. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2005; 29(1): 14-21.
11. Salehi F, Marefati H, Mehrabian H, Sharifi H. Effect of Pilates exercise on primary dysmenorrhea. J Res Rehabil Sci 2012; 8(2): 248-53.
12. Mohammad B, Azamian Jazi A, Faramarzi M, Fathollahi Shourabeh F, Mohammadi B, Azamian Jazi A, et al. The effect of aerobic exercise training and detraining on some of the menstrual disorders in non-athlete students in Lorestan Universities. Horizon Med Sci. 2012; 18(2): 5-12.
13. Shavandi N, Taghian F, Soltani V. The effect of isometric exercise on primary dysmenorrhea. Arak Med Univ J. 2010; 13(1): 71-7.
14. Blakey H, Chisholm C, Dear F, Harris B, Hartwell R, Daley AJ, et al. Is exercise associated with primary dysmenorrhoea in young women? BJOG. 2010; 117(2): 222-4.