A review on medicinal plant of Apium graveolens

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Member of Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, I.R. Iran

2 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, I.R. Iran

3 Member of Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, I.R. Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Medicinal plants are used in traditional medicine to treat many diseases. Celery (Apium graveolens) is a native medicinal plant to Europe. This plant has a very wide range of usage and cultivation. The wild type was found in countries such as Algeria, the Caucasus, Iran, India and America. However, due to increasing value and the special place of the plant in the new pharmaceutical industry, it is necessary to recognize the potential in the field of manufacturing and processing. This article presents morphological characteristics, vegetation compounds and evaluation of the therapeutic properties of this valuable medicinal plant. Methods: The information of this review article have been gathered from accessible journals in databases such as Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, SID and Iran Medex. The search terms were "Celery" and "Apium graveolens" that searched in Persian and English books on medicinal plants and traditional medicine, as well as reputable sites mentioned. Results: Various studies have shown that Celery plays a role in prevention of cardiovascular disease, lowering blood glucose and serum lipid, decrease blood pressure and strengthener the heart. This herb has anti- bacterial, anti-fungal and anti- inflammatory effects. Also, a powerful antioxidant property has been attributed to compounds such as apigenin, apiein, vitamins A and C. Conclusion: Celery widely used in pharmaceutical, food and ornamental industries, that causes its significant commercial value. Various combinations and numerous medicinal properties of seeds, leaves and stems, cause the need further and more research about the other useful and unknown properties of celery.

Keywords


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